What Is Market Research?

Market research is the process of gathering information about customers and the market as a whole in order to determine the viability of a product or service. Interviews, surveys, focus groups, and industry data analyses are all part of market research.
Market research is intended to help you better understand potential customers, how well your product or service meets their needs, and how it compares to competitors’ offerings.

Let's Discuss Some Different Types Of Market Research Based On Your Company's Objectives

Primary or Secondary Market Research?
Market research can be divided into two broad categories: primary and secondary. They are also known as field research and desk research, respectively.
Primary market research includes any information gathered by you (or a person/organization for whom you pay). It is concerned with examining current sales volumes, metrics, and customers. It also considers the effectiveness of current business operations as well as the competition.
Secondary research focuses on data that has already been prepared by third parties. It frequently includes reports and studies from other companies, government organisations, and other industry entities.
Online versus offline research
Both offline and online research methodologies have advantages, but the most effective market research strategies combine the two. As a result, various types of information about your target market will be revealed. Offline analysis gives you access to primary sources of information and produces more detailed results. The advantage of the online method is the ability to obtain data quickly and cheaply.

How to Do Market Research for a Start-up or Small Business

Everyone finds market research to be a time-consuming task. However, with limited funding and a limited runway, small startups rarely have millions to invest in a thorough industry analysis.

While a research deep-dive is undoubtedly worthwhile at some point, relevant and applicable insights can frequently be gleaned from high-level, preliminary research as a starting point.

Here’s a quick seven-step guide to teaching you the fundamentals of conducting market research for a start-up:

1.Establish your overall goal

First and foremost, make sure to clearly articulate the rationale for the research you’re planning. Consider the most important information you’re looking for and how you’ll use your findings. What problem did you hope to solve through research? What are the findings going to be used for? Is it something you’ll do on the inside or something you’ll do on the outside?

These questions will assist you in developing your overall goal. This overarching research goal should serve as the “North Star” that guides the research process and keeps everyone on the same page as you develop and implement your research strategy.

2.Choose a Research Approach

The two most common approaches for market research are secondary and primary.

Secondary Research

The job of secondary research is to sift through the available material and locate data that corresponds to the specific research topic. Answers to research questions are generally already available online—through news sources, published books, journals, and other places.

Primary Research

Primary research focuses on gathering new data and finding answers to previously unasked questions. Because primary research is often more time-consuming and expensive, it is in the best interests of an organisation to conduct primary research only when gaps in existing secondary research have been identified.

3.Acquire data on your target audience

Once you’ve determined your overarching research goal and preferred method of data collection, it’s time to dig deeper into your target audience. Understanding your target audience can assist you in determining the best approach to secondary and primary research.

Consider where your target audience is, what they’re interacting with — or where you can learn more about them — and how you can reach them. To gain the necessary knowledge of the target market, it is recommended that you seek the assistance of industry professionals, read relevant market data, and keep an eye on market trends. It’s time to start crafting your research questions once you’ve determined the type of research you’ll be conducting and the audience you’ll be targeting.

4.Formulate Your Research Questions

The value of your research can be made or broken by asking the right questions. The right questions can help to inform your overall strategy, but the wrong questions can derail your research and diminish its overall value.

Here are some preliminary questions to ask your internal team to get you thinking about how to formulate research questions for your target audience:

  • Who are your competitors?
  • What are the market values of your direct and indirect competitors?
  • What sets your service apart from the competition?
  • What is the scope of your service/product in the target market?
  • What are the current market conditions?
  • What are your target market’s purchasing habits?

5.Choose the Right Tools for the Job

Data analysis takes a long time. However, gathering information is only the first step; effectively evaluating it is also critical. Data collection and evaluation are both critical to the success of any research, so having the right tools on hand is essential.

6.Analyze the data

After gathering your primary and/or secondary data, it’s time to slice and dice your research findings to extract relevant and applicable business insights. The good news is that there are numerous data collection and analysis tools (such as those listed above) that can assist you in collecting and analysing data. That being said, this part of the process is not going to be easy.

Data analysis is frequently a manual process that includes compiling and sifting through collected data, annotating videos, taking notes, dissecting survey responses, and other activities. Again, it’s critical to refer to your research’s overarching goal, especially at this stage, to ensure you’re paying attention to the most relevant information that will best serve you. It’s often helpful to begin by noting common themes and trends, and then determining how those trends can help you sort through the data more effectively.

7.Act on the data

Once you’ve sifted through the data, it’s a good idea to create a research brief or report that includes both a high-level findings summary and a deep dive into your methodology, data, key findings, etc.This will help organize your findings in a succinct and clear way, enabling other team members to reference and apply findings to inform the overall company direction and specific strategy decisions.


Startups have to create a strong impact to position and sustain themselves in the market. Market research helps startups gain information from the market and prepare the best strategies for their launch. If you are a startup looking for a skilled business research partner, look no further than Spade survey. We are one of the top market research companies with proven expertise in conducting business market research for a variety of industries on a global scale. We offer in-depth B2C and B2B market research services with the support of experienced business panels. To learn more about our market research consulting services, Contact our team to receive a quote for a market research project Email-id:rfq@spadesurvey.com